Learning Disabilities is a condition that significantly hinders a person from learning basic skills or information at the same rate as most people of the same age.
Learning disabilities typically affect six general areas:
- Spoken language: delays, disorders, and deviations in listening and speaking.
- Written language: difficulties with reading, writing and spelling.
- Arithmetic: difficulty in performing arithmetic operations or in understanding basic concepts.
- Reasoning: difficulty in organizing and integrating thoughts.
- Memory: difficulty in remembering information and instructions.
- Social Skills: difficulty in interacting and integrating with others
People with Learning Disabilities may include persons with the following diagnosis:
- Down Syndrome
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Global Developmental Delay (GDD)
- Cerebral Palsy (some persons with Cerebral Palsy have learning disabilities)
- Specific Learning Disabilities:
- Dyslexia – difficulties in reading and writing
- Dyscalculia – difficulties with mathematics
- Dysgraphia – difficulties in handwriting, graphing, punctuation…
- Dyspraxia – difficulties in motor skills, speech